Apprenticeship | SSC



Globally, apprenticeship has been recognized as one of the most efficient ways to develop skilled manpower by utilizing the infrastructure and training facilities available in the establishments. In India too it has been in practice since 1961. Two government ministries, Ministry of Human Resource and Development (MHRD) and Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE) are currently implementing/monitoring apprenticeship by running various schemes. (Refer ppt for details)

Apprenticeship is an opportunity for ensuring a steady stream of skilled job ready manpower at the entry level with the possibility of availing financial assistance from Govt. Also the employer is exempt from EPF & ESI contributions during this period and has no obligation to hire any apprentice on permanent roles after completing the training. With the law becoming more flexible and industry friendly, it is a win-win for companies while upholding the highest value of corporate governance.

The Law:

The Apprentices Act, 1961 was enacted with the objective of regulating the program of training of apprentices in the industry. Every organization, institution, company, etc., comes under its purview. The law states, 

  • Any company or establishment with headcount >4 is eligible for engaging apprentices
  • Any company or establishment with headcount >30 is mandated by law to engage apprentices in the range of 2.5% to 15% of its total headcount.
  • Apprentices are not employees. Employers are exempt from EPF and ESI contributions.

There are punitive measures as well mentioned in the law. Both central and state governments are implementing the law. Different state governments are exercising varied measure of strictness in doing so. Substantial reforms brought in by the Govt in the Apprenticeship Act 1961 through an Amendment on 25th Sep 2019 have made it more flexible and industry friendly. (Refer to ppt, amendments)

Apprenticeship Schemes:

1. National Apprenticeship Training Scheme (NATS) is an old scheme, administered by BOAT/BOPT (Board of Apprenticeship Training/Practical Training), under the Ministry of Human Resource and Development (MHRD). 50% of the Govt specified stipend is reimbursed by the Govt. (For more details reference:

2. National Apprenticeship Promotion Scheme (NAPS) is the new scheme launched in Aug’16, implemented by National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC), under the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE). One time assistance, of Rs 7500/- for 3 months of basic training, is provided by Govt per candidate. Also, stipendiary assistance of max. Rs 1500/- per candidate per month is provided by Govt during on the job training (OJT). (For more details reference:


For registration, of companies and candidates, log on to for NAPS and for NATS. Suitable job roles (trades) can be chosen from afore mentioned portals. Option of designing a customized curriculum is also available.After completing the apprenticeship candidate would get a certificate issued by competent authority.

NASSCOM would facilitate member companies to select the most suitable apprenticeship model, from the various options available, aligned with respective business requirements.

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